APWH Exam Topics

A. Unit I - 8000 BCE to 600 CE
  1. Comparisons of Hinduism and Confucianism and philosophical systems including some underlying similarities in cementing a social hierarchy.
  2. Role of women in different belief systems -- Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, and Hinduism
  3. Understanding of how and why the collapse of empire was more severe in western Europe (Rome) than it was in the eastern Mediterranean (Byzantine Empire) or in China (Han Dynasty)
  4. Compare the caste system to other systems of social inequality devised by early and classical civilizations, including slavery
  5. Describe interregional trading systems, e.g., the Silk Roads

B. Unit II - 600 CE to 1450 CE
  1. Japanese and European feudalism
  2. Gender systems and changes, such as the impact of Islam
  3. Explain and analyze the interactions between Muslims, Jews, and Christians
  4. Analyze the Chinese civil service exam system and the rise of meritocracy
  5. Compare political and social developments in eastern and western Europe
  6. Compare European and sub-Saharan African contacts with the Islamic world

C. Unit III - 1450 CE to 1750 CE
  1. Compare colonial administrations of Spanish and English colonies
  2. Imperial systems: European monarchy (Britain or France) compared with a land-based Asian empire (China or Mughals)
  3. Analyze the development of the Portuguese and Mughal Empires.
  4. Analyze the development of the English and Ottoman Empires.
  5. Coercive labor systems: slavery and other coercive labor systems in the Americas
  6. Compare the Incas and Aztecs in terms of economic exchanges
  7. Compare Russia's interaction with of two of the following (Ottoman Empire, China, western Europe, and eastern Europe)

D. Unit IV - 1750 CE to 1914 CE
  1. Compare the causes and early phases of the industrial revolution in western Europe and Japan
  2. Comparative revolutions (Haitian and French)
  3. Compare reaction to foreign domination in: the Ottoman Empire and China
  4. Compare reaction to foreign domination in India and Japan
  5. Compare forms of western intervention in Latin America and in Africa
  6. Compare nationalism in China and Japan
  7. Compare nationalism in Egypt and Italy
  8. Compare nationalism in Africa (Pan Nationalism) and India (Indian Congress Movement)

E. Unit V - 1914 CE to present
  1. Patterns and results of decolonization in Africa and India
  2. Pick three revolutions (Russian, Chinese, Cuban, Iranian) and compare their effects on the roles of women
  3. Compare the effects of the World War I on areas outside of Europe
  4. Compare the effects of the World War II on areas outside of Europe
  5. Compare legacies of colonialism and patterns of economic development in two of three areas (Africa, Asia, and Latin America)
  6. Outline and analyze the consequences of warfare since WWI