by Kelly Ngo - Comparisons of Hinduism and Confucianism and philosophical systems including some underlying similarities in cementing a social hierarchy

Thesis Statement:

During the period of 8000 BCE to 600 CE there many developments for the early societies. The Harappans and the Chinese during the early Zhou dynasty developed different beliefs and social systems that would continue to impact their societies in future years. Their influence would have differing social and political effects and main beliefs, but similarities also existed between the two.
    • Social mobility was possible unlike the caste system.
      • Family was the backbone of society.
    • Major part of the Chinese bureaucracy.
      • Done by Han Wudi (During Han Dynasty) to make sure the government officials were educated.
      • Government officials became chosen by a merit system
    • Three parts to the theory of ethics
      • Li () - refers to actions done to benefit society
      • Ren () - refers to benevolence
      • and Yi () - refers to doing the right thing for the right reasons
Confucius - Founder of Confucianism
Confucius - Founder of Confucianism

    • The Caste System was a major part of Hinduism
      • Believed that people were born into castes
      • Major part of society in that the people were not allowed to marry those that were in a lower caste.
      • Also played a role in politics.
    • Four Aims of Hinduism:
      • Pravritti - goals for those who are involved in the world
        • Dharma - righteousness
        • Artha - economic success
        • Kama - pleasure
      • Nivritti - goals for those who reject the world
        • Moska - supreme goal

This is a pyramid of the caste system
This is a pyramid of the caste system

  • Similarities
Although the two beliefs were different, there were similarities that existed. Other than the fact that they were both major belief systems that survived the test of time, they were similar in their roles for women and uses in politics. Both Confucianism and Hinduism played a major role in determining the role of women in the Chinese and Indian societies. Women were considered subordinate to men in both areas. Both beliefs also had an impact on the political systems. Leaders were determined by their place in society. Those of higher status had more power. The difference in that was in Confucianism the people could climb to a position of power while in Hinduism they were born into it.