By Michael Tadros
Thesis: The caste system established by the Hindus in India compared to other systems of social inequalities such as the hierarchal social organization of the Spaniards in the New World in that the Hindu caste system and the Spanish colony social system were impossible to navigate around. It differed from other social class systems too such as the African tribal system where it was easier to move around in position in their system. Men were the leading figures in all these systems making them all patriarchal as well.

The Hindu Caste System
  • Established by the Aryans
  • At first, mobility was allowed
  • Order of social structure from top to bottom: Warriors --> Priests --> Peasats
  • Changes were made and the order changed into: Priests--> Warriors--> Landowners and Merchants--> Peasants
  • After changes made mobility was prohibited
  • It was patriarchal
  • Subcastes were added to the four main castes
    • Untouchables were added as more and more people came to India and joined with the caste sysem
    • One was born into whatever caste they were in and could not move except in the next life
  • People moved up in class in the next life if they accepted what class they were in before and held to the Hindu religion
  • They moved down if they were dissatisfied with the class they were in

The Hindu caste system
The Hindu caste system


The Spaniard Colony Social Class System
  • Hierarchal society meaning: a system of persons ranked one above another
    • Based on races of the people
  • Social order from top to bottom: Peninsulares--> Creoles--> Mestizos--> Mulattos--> Native Americans
    • Born into whatever group they were in and unable to move
      • Peninsulares were Spanish officials sent to the New World
      • Creoles were people born in the colonies to Spanish parents
      • Mestizos were those with a mixture of both the natives and European ancestry
      • Mulattos were those with a mixture of both African and European ancestry
  • Also patriarchal

African Tribal System
  • Also hierarchal
  • Social order from top to bottom: Chief--> Ruling figures of family--> peasants
    • Not very stable
    • Chief was the head of the village which is part of a district with other villages and chiefs
  • Constant fighting made the system easy to move around
    • Moved around by whoever carries the 'biggest stick"
    • People could rise to power by overpowering their leader making them the new leader
  • Villages could conquer other villages creating new classes
  • Also patriarchal
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