Ruth Jenkins

Thesis:
Since the beginning of time, people have been hungry for power and ultimate domination. Many Eurasian countries are great examples of this. Two specific examples can be found in the time period of 1750-1914. Britain's imperial rule in Asia, specificly modern day China, is a great example of how a seamingly undefeatable country fell time after time to the power of a rising empire, Britain; when one has lost all hope that China could rise again, they do just that. The slow decline of the Ottoman Empire, on the other hand, is an example of a more predictable story. A great empire, who seems to have the potential to rule the world, slowly falls to internal disunity and defeat after pitiful defeat by its rival, Russia. Yet even with the aid of two 'friends', the British and the French, the Ottoman Empire could not return from such far a fall.

I. China

  • A. Foreign Dominator- the British

    • Invaded easily because of previous presence in India
    • Took control of trading system
    • Aggressively encouraged the trade of opium into China
    • Following opium war, crosses the line of 'just trade' and clames Hong Kong as its "own crowned possetion"
      • Initiats Britains imperialism in China
  • B. Chinese Reaction

    • 1830s- China sick and tired of being controlled
    • Refuse to trade with Britain
      • Refuse to accept opium- emperor makes it illegal
    • The Opium War breaks out between China and Britain (1839-1842)
    • (1856-1860)- Second Opium War breaks out (reference previous 'Opium War' link)
      • Britain dominates again
      • China was forced to open to all European trade
    • Internal conflicts ariseIn its weak state, China lost its holdings in Korea, Vietnam, and TaiwanIn its weakened state, China loses its hold in Korea, Vietnam, and Taiwan
    • In a state of weakness, Chine loses its hold on Korea, Vietnam, and Taiwan
    • In the twentieth century the Boxer Rebellion breaks out
      • Goal was to chase Europeans and Japanies out of China
      • Murderd Christian Missionaries
      • Overthrew foreign embassies
      • Failed and in return caused more embarrassment to the Manchu Dynasty
        • China signs the Boxer Protocol- pays European and Japanese for damages and apologizes
    • 1911- government is overthrown and imperial influence/ rule is ended





II. The Ottoman Empire

  • A. Foreign Dominators

    • 1. Conflict with Russia

      • Continuous fighting over the controle of the Balkins, the Black Sea and the land around these areas
      • Russia won the majority of the battles
    • 2. Conflict with Britain & France

      • Britain & France had a fear of losing Ottoman Empire
        • Feared the fall of Ottoman Empire would lead to the domination of Russia in the Mediteranian
        • Faught to keep Ottoman Empire alive while also gaining personal controle/ influence in the area
          • Crimean War (1853-1856)- example of British &French support
  • B. The Ottoman Empire's Reaction

    • 1. Reaction to Russia

      • Left significantly smaller and weaker
      • At risk of crumbling at any time
    • 2. Reaction to Britain & France

      • Won the war due their assistence
      • Still continued to decline but at a slower rate
      • Eventually fell due to its lose in WWI

Florence Nightingale as a result of the Crimean War
Florence Nightingale as a result of the Crimean War



Map of Crimean War
Map of Crimean War