by Kelly Ngo - Compare forms of western intervention in Latin America and Africa

Thesis Statement:

In the period between 1750-1914, the areas that were previously colonized were beginning to have their own revolts against their colonial powers. Their impacts were both political and social and ended up influencing how the different regions developed over time.
  • Latin America:
    • Colonized mostly by the Spanish and Portuguese.
    • Before this period Latin America was used for sugar and silver production
    • Independence movements began in 1800
      • Haitian - one of the very few successful slave revolts
      • South America - led by Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin
      • Mexico - Treaty of Cordoba granted independence
      • Brazil - peaceful declaration by Pedro II
    • Monroe Doctrine ensured that the Americas couldn't be recolonized by the Europeans
      • US intervention in Latin America caused tensions in some areas
  • Africa:
    • Colonized by French, British, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, and other European countries during the African Scramble
      • Berlin Conference led to the break up of African tribes to make rebellion more difficult
    • Before this period, Africa was used mainly for slave trade
      • Slavery started being abolished in the early 1800s
      • Although slavery ended, Africans were subjugated under the European rule
    • In Egypt, Muhammad Ali attempted westernizing the country.
      • Led to the creation of the Suez Canal which the British eventually took over
This is a map of how the country of Africa was split by the Europeans
This is a map of how the country of Africa was split by the Europeans