In the Haitian war, the island in the Caribbean was the major center of sugar production. The Spanish controlled the east and the French controlled the west, one of the richest of all European colonies. Saint Dominique's population consisted of 40,000 white French settlers, 30,000 people of free color, and 500,000 black slaves, most born in Africa. These slaves worked under brutal conditions and the mortality rate was very high. There was also a large community of escaped slaves, known as maroons.
The French colonial government had sent 800 people of free color to fight the American Revolution and they returned with ideas of reforming their own society. When the French Revolution broke out in 1789, the white settlers sought the right to govern themselves, but opposed extending political and legal equality. This lead to the civil war between the two groups. While these two groups were conflicting, a slave revolt occurred in August of 1791. As a result, all three race- differed groups fought against each other. In 1801, a constitution was written to grant equality to all, and in 1803, independence was declared. Haiti is known for having the only successful slave revolt in the history of man kind.
The French Revolutions in France wanted to replace the "old order" with completely new political, social, and cultural structures. The causes of this discontent included large war debts, a large tax burden on the peasants, and the increasing gap between the rich and the poor. The kind was forced to call the Estates General in hopes of addressing the war debts by increasing tax on the nobility. The Declaration of Rights of Man declared that equality of all men, the sovereignty of the people, and the rights of liberty, property, and security. The new constitution created a constitutional monarchy.
The similarities and differences of the french and Haitian revolutions were spurred for similar reasons by oppressed peoples, with an unfair distribution of power between social classes, restricted liberties and representation, and a large gap between the rich and the poor serving as the main catalysts. However, differences in racial issues, economic stability of the oppressors, and social systems were clearly evident in the respective causes. Since the beginning of time, man has found reason and ways to subordinate other individuals for his own self benefit. Whether is be for economic, social, religious or political power, the greed imbedded in man through evolution is self evident throughout much of history. Civil wars and revolutions were created by those who were used as stepping stones to tread on for those in power. During the Age of Revolutions, 1750-1914, an increase in technology and discoveries created more motivation and opportunity to enslave and oppress. Many of the revolutions were enacted for the same basic reasons. The French and Haitian revolutions have obvious differences and similarities. Both revolutions were spurred for similar reasons by oppressed peoples. However, differences in racial issues, economic stability of the oppressors, and social systems were clearly evident in the respective causes.

The french revolution
  • people in France got bankrupt because of the king and queen
  • they wanted rights
  • equality

The Haitian revolution
  • was because of slavery
  • wanted equal rights as well
  • demanded to be free
  • and wanted to have more power because they were powerless